1695 Col. Timothy 4
BIGELOW, fifth child of Daniel 3,
( Joshua 2, John
1) BIGELOW and Elizabeth (WHITNEY) BIGELOW,
was born Worcester, Worcester co, MA on 02 August 1739. He married, on
01 July 1762, Anna ANDREWS, daughter of Samuel and Anna (RANKIN) ANDREWS,
born 11 April 1747 at Worcester. At the time of her marriage she was an
orphan and had inherited a considerable fortune. Her maternal grandparents
were James and Rachel Rankin, immigrants from Ireland with the Scotch Presbyterians
of 1718. Her father Samuel Andrews established a tannery in Worcester,
near Lincoln Square, and built the Bigelow
Mansion opposite Courthouse Square. Timothy died in debtors' prison
31 March 1790 at the age of 51. A friend, Isaac Thomas, placed a single
line in the Massachusetts Spy announcing his obituary. His
widow Anna died 09 July 1809? ( 02 August 1809 AEt 63 Years)(
see below) at Groton, MA. (Further info
Info about Bigelow Mountain in Maine, named after Timothy can be found on Page 2.
Complete text of Howe's entry for Timothy can be found on Page 3.
Rededication of Monument for Col. Timothy 4
BIGELOW LINK ..................................ROD
Don Bigelow created web page for Col. Timothy 4 BIGELOW see link........................................ROD
Children of Timothy and Anna (Andrews) Bigelow, all born Worcester, Worcester co, MA:
16951 Nancy, b 02 Jan 1765; d ____ ; m 07 Jan 1784, Hon.
Abraham Lincoln of Worcester; he d. 02 July 1824; was selectman, 1809 to
representative to the General Court, 1809 to 1823; and member of the Council, 1823, 1824. res. Worcester
16952t Timothy, b30 April
1767; d 18 May 1821 at Medford, MA; m 30 Sept 1791 Lucy Prescott; res Medford
10 children. Served in the Revolutionary War with his Father, and was a well
known Lawyer & Politician
16953 Andrew, b 30 Mar 1769; d. _ Nov 1787.
16954 Rufus, b 07 July 1772; d 21 December 1813 Baltimore,
MD; unm. He was a prominent merchant in that city.
16955 Lucy, b 13 May
1774; d ; m (1) 19 June 1805 Capt. Luther Lawrence of Groton, (he was b 28
Sept 1778; d 17 April 1839; and m (2) his brother William Lawrence;
res Groton. 5 children;
16956 Clarissa, b 29 Dec 1781; d _____ ; m 26 Nov 1806 Tyler Bigelow.; res. Watertown; 8 children.
Timothy Bigelow was early apprenticed to the blacksmith trade, and carried on that occupation most of his life. He was self-educated, and as a young man was widely-read and became a fluent speaker, and accumulated a little library. He was known locally for his prowess at debating. He early espoused the anti-British sentiment, both writing & speaking a break with the mother country. At the opening of the conflict between the colonies and England, in Mar 1773, Timothy was a member of the Committee of Correspondence. In December following he organized the "Political Society," the meetings of which were held in his home, and by means of which the power of the Tory party was broken in Worcester. In 1774 the citizens formed the Sons of Liberty through the influence and support of Bigelow. He was a member of Boston's Whig Club, and associated with Warren and Otis, and other leading colonial advocates. He was a delegate to the Provincial Congress in its first two sessions.
In the formation of the Minute Men in Worcester, Timothy
Bigelow was chosen its commander unanimously, and he drilled the men so
thoroughly that when Gen. George Washington reviewed the company, he said,
"This is discipline, indeed." Bigelow marched at the Battle of Concord and
Lexington, and soon after was commissioned a major. In September following
he volunteered for the expedition to Quebec under Benedict Arnold going by
way of the Kennebec river through the wilderness of Maine. On this expedition
Maj. Bigelow was ordered by Gen. Arnold to ascend a mountain near the headwaters
of the Kennebec, with a small party of men, for the purpose of reconnaissance.
This mountain today bears the name Mt. Bigelow.
From Janice Farnsworth 02/08/07:
the Major's name to the mountain. Ninety men were sent back to the rear for provisions which now began to grow scarce. It began to rain before we left the encampment, and it rained the
best part of three days; every man and all the baggage were drenched with water. Morgan and Arnold, with the first and second divisions had gone ahead, and we followed. One
night, we landed at a rather late hour, and were trying to get a little rest, when we were awaked by the freshet, which came down upon us in a torrent; O'Brien waked Johnson and myself
just in time to allow us to get out of the way."
While on the march to Quebec, he wrote the following to his wife:
October 26th, 1775
"On that part of the Kennybeck called the Dead river, 95 miles above Norridgewock Dear Wife. I am at this time well, but in a dangerous situation, as is the whole detachment of the Continental Army with me. We are in a wilderness nearly one hundred miles from any inhabitants, either French or English, and but about five days provisions on an average for the whole. We are this day sending back the most feeble and some that are sick. If the French are our enemies it will go hard with us, for we have no retreat left. In that case there will be no alternative between the sword and famine. May God in his infinite mercy protect you,my more than ever dear wife, and my dear children,"Adieu, and ever believe me to be your most affectionate husband,
Bigelow proceeded on the march to Quebec, and on the 31st of December was taken prisoner by the British, and kept prisoner until the following August. He, with other prisoners, was taken to New York, and then exchanged. He promptly reentered the service as Lieut-Colonel under General Gates, and in 1777 was commissioned a full Colonel, the highest rank of any Bigelow during the Revolutionary War. He was at Saratoga, Verplanck's Point, Peekskill, Valley Forge, West Point, Rhode Island, New Jersey, and the surrender of Burgoyne.
Plaque below on a Monument at Valley Forge
After the War he came home ill and was unable to resume his occupation as a Blacksmith. It was then he went to West Point for some time, and was appointed commander of the arsenal at Springfield. When his health broke he returned to Worcester, after eight years in the army and found his property and business seriously diminished and encumbered in debt. With others he obtained a grant for 23,040 acres (dated 21 October 1780), on which was founded the town of Montpelier, VT. He never saw the grant. His Son Andrew's death from consumption in 1787, and the pressure to pay off his indebtedness caused his health to decline. With his finances depleted. He resumed his occupation of blacksmith, but with the post-war inflation, his own distaste for business, and the pressure of friends who had lent him money, he was thrown into debtors' prison. He died in debtors' prison 31 Mar 1790 at the age of 51. A friend, Isaac Thomas, placed a single line in the Massachusetts Spy announcing his obituary. His widow Anna died 09 July 1809 at Groton, MA.
It is said that he was of fine personal appearance,
over six feet in height, with military bearing. In addition to his vigorous
mind, he had a warm and generous heart, according to Howe's Bigelow genealogy.
In addition to several chapters of patriotic organizations named in his honor, there are a number of memorials to Col. Timothy Bigelow:
Massachusetts Solders & Sailors of Rev War, Vol II:
- Montpelier Vermont was founded and named by him.
- Bigelow Mountain in Maine, the same that he climbed, is named for Timothy; its possession is now disputed by both Whites and Indians. see - article about the Monument at the foot of Bigelow Mountain in Maine.
- Worcester Common has a Bigelow monument, Presented by Grandson, Timothy Lawrence, in 1861.
- Several Monuments with his name at Valley Forge ( See picture above)
Bigelow, Timothy, Worcester. Captain, Col. Artemas Ward's
regt., which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775; service, 5 days;
reported enlisted into the army; also, Major; list of officers
of the main guard taken May 8, 1775; also, list of officers of the
main guard, dated Cambridge, May 11, 1775; also, lists of officers
of the picket guard, dated Cambridge, May 15, May 21 and May 22, 1775;
also, list of officers on fatigue duty, dated Cambridge, May 25,
1775; also, 2d Major, Gen, Ward's regt.; commissioned May 25,
1775; also, Col. Jonathan Ward's regt.; muster roll made up to Aug.
1, 1775, dated Dorchester; enlisted April 19,1775; service, 3 mos.
20 days; also, company return dated Dorchester, Oct. 7, 1775, reported
on command to Quebec; also, Col. Ward's regt.; Maj. Gen. Thomas's
division; list of field officers of the Continental Army in 1776; also,
Col. Artemus Ward's (Worcester Co.) regt.; list of field officers [year
not given]; also, Colonel, 15th Mass. regt.; Continental Army pay
accounts for service from Jan. 1 1777, to Dec. 31, 1779; also, muster
roll for Jan. - Sept., 1777, dated Van Schaick's Island; appointed Jan.
1, 1777; reported on command at Worcester; also, pay abstracts for
Nov. and December., 1778, dated Providence; also, muster roll for
March and April, 1779, dated Providence; reported on furlough; also,
muster roll for Aug, 1779, dated Lower Salem; reported sick at Ridgefield;
also, list of settlements of rank of Continental officers made at
West Point by a board held for the purpose and confirmed by Congress, Sept.
6, 1779; commissioned Feb 8, 1777; also, Continental Army pay accounts
for service from Jan. 1, 1780, to Dec. 31, 1780; also, muster roll
for Jan.- June, 1780, dated Robinson's Farms; also, muster roll for
November and December., 1780, dated Garrison at West Point; reported absent
at Fishkill; also, pay abstract for October.-December., 1780, dated
Boston; reported deranged Jan. 1, 1781.
Biggelow, Timothy. Lieutenant Colonel, 15th Mass. regt.; official record of a ballot by the House of Representatives, dated Feb. 6, 1777; appointment concurred in by Council, Feb. 6, 1777
Bigelow Society,The Bigelow Family Genealogy Vol I, pg 73-74.
Howe, Bigelow Family of America; pg 76-79;
vital records of MA towns;
Forge Volume 10, No. 3, page 8-9.
Subject: Tombstone of Mrs. Anna Bigelow
Source: Groton Historical Series by Dr. Samuel A. Green, Vol II, 1890
The following epitaph, copied from a marble slab in the Lawrence Lot of the Cemetery at Groton was furnished by Dr. Samuel A. Green. It is a supplement to the "Inscriptions from the Old Burial Grounds in Worcester, Massachusetts," recently published by the Worcester Society of Antiquity.
Tombstone in the Lawrence Lot of the Old Burying Ground, Groton, Mass. [Note: this tombstone is not included in "Epitaphs" by Dr. Samuel A. Green ]
Tombstone, Marble Slab, Lawrence Lot, Groton, Mass.
"Here lie the mortal remains of Mrs. Anna Bigelow, Relict of Colonel Timothy Bigelow of Worcester, Mass. She died August 2, 1809 AEt 63 Years."
The New England Historical & Genealogical Register [XXXIV. 99]. January 1880.
Don Bigelow page: Col Timothy
and note below to Don:
I enjoyed, particularly, your histories of Col. Timothy 4 Bigelow and Timothy C. Bigelow, for separate reasons.
(1) Col. Bigelow, serving with Benedict Arnold's army in Maine, may have been stationed at the home of relatives on my
maternal (Emery) side, Jonathan (4) Emery, Fairfield, Maine, who lived on the west side of the Kennebec River. In 1775,
when Arnold was making his famous expedition into Canada, he made his headquarters at J. Emery's home while his boats
and baggage were being transported over the carrying place to avoid the rapids of the Kennebec River. Jonathan's son,
David (5) Emery, enlisted with Arnold's Army to Dead River, but later went on to become a bodyguard for Gen. George
Washington. As for Timothy C. Bigelow, a portion of his history may fit in with my research on the paternal side of my family
(Martin). Our history (which is severely lacking on the English side of the ocean), states that Philip and his son, Philip R.,
Martin, were responsible for bringing the Percheron "Louis Napoleon" to America in 1851 (we'd been told 1859, but have
since read differently). Am curious if your "Napoleon #325" is our "Louis Napoleon," as ours arrived the same time as
another Percheron, "Normandy(ie)." If this is a definite match, your information will prove invaluable to me in writing up our family history. After all, "Louis Napoleon" has become almost like a member of the family after all these years! Thank you for your in-depth family history. It was great reading!
Janis Martin Hansen email firstname.lastname@example.org
Subject: Col. Timothy Bigelow
Date: Sun, 24 Jan 1999 11:13:05 EST
An ancestor of mine, Asa Harrington, fought in Timothy Bigelow's regiment. I am trying to recreate Asa's 8-year enlistment in the continental army through his pension records as well as diaries kept by other soldiers and books on the various battles he was in. Asa served under Bigelow up until the time Timothy was "reported deranged" on 1 Jan 1781. Thereafter Asa served under other commands, until he was discharged by General Washington himself, in 9 June 1783.
In your history, you mention that Bigelow was at Valley Forge. That has been a family story of mine as well. In my research so far, I can find no explicit reference (muster rolls, etc.) that Asa or Bigelow was at Valley Forge, although it is said that their regiment was. Is that what you are going on when you state that Timothy Bigelow was at Valley Forge? Or are you a party to
other information that might be valuable?
I would very much appreciate any source information (other than the one's listed under your biography of Col. Timothy Bigelow, of course -- however what was the Forge Volume??? Does it have a title, an author?) I await your reply-- thank you.
Subject: Timothy Bigelow
Date: Sat, 8 Jan 2000 14:48:08 EST
From: Sally Neale Nealegd@aol.com
FYI: Info on Timothy Bigelow, Revolutionary War Hero
Hi! I wandered onto your website as I have recently found a possible (strictly secondary data) connection with my Harrington's and your Bigelow's (Abigail Bigelow, daughter of John Bigelow (1617-1703, England to Watertown, MA). Abigail supposedly married Benjamin Harrington (whose father Robert (1616-1707 England to Watertown, MA might have been my 8th grandfather).
Anyway, I have a revolutionary Asa Harrington, who is my 5th grandfather and served under a Capt. Timothy Bigelow's co. of Minute-men, 1st MA regiment, Col. Artemas Ward's regt., which marched on the alarm of the Battle of Lexington, fought at Bunkerhill, marched to Quebec with Col. Benedict, fought at Saratoga, endured Valley Forge and fought at the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse. On 1 Jan 1781, Col. Timothy Bigelow is reported as "deranged" (probably battle fatigue?) Asa transferred to another company after that so I don't know much else about Timothy except that according to the History of Worcester, MA, he died a very poor man, I believe not too many years after the war. I was curious to not see this person on your website. You do have one Timothy who was a Rev. Soldier but from your records, not the same one. According to the Worcester history Timothy was very involved in local politics, high-up, and then an extremely accomplished soldier and commander of men. Unfortunately, the war apparently took everything out of him, as it did so many. My Asa actually lived quite a long life after the war, but he too died a very poor man.
Yesterday, while researching I found a letter that Coln Timothy Bigelow wrote to Major General Heath, Boston, N. England, regarding needing more soldier uniforms while at Valley Forge. Here is a transcription: "Camp Valley Forge, 7th April 1778 Sir, I have by his Excellency's direction sent Major Bradish as far as Boston for the purpose of procuring clothing for my regiment. I shall rely on your goodness to assist him in the Undertaking should he stand in need of your inter[jection?] Nothing worthy of notice has taken place in this quarter of late -- Every circumstance concurs to lead the general to suppose the campaign will [open?] early. As much will depend upong the exertions of N. England, recruits from thence ought to be [pushed?] on with all possible expedition. With the highest esteem I am Sir, your most ? ?
[looks like it could be sterm Lord? but can't be, probably more like, humble servant] Timo[thy] Bigelow.
These are interesting tidbits for your files, should you you ever find
a Bigelow connection to Coln. Timothy.
Since then I have found muster rolls, etc. that place not only Asa Harrington but Timothy Bigelow at Valley Forge. I was surprised that you didn't talk more about his civic involvement before the war. I understood from that "History of Worcester" by William Lincoln and the "Worcester Society of Antiquity" v25 p195-218, that he was pretty big in politics before the war.Cheers!